May 1989

  • 7
    German Democratic Republic: Communal elections in GDR; blatant election fraud is one of the factors consolidating the opposition movements.
  • 8
    Poland: The first issue of “Gazeta Wyborcza” (Election Gazette) is published; it is the first independent daily newspaper in the East-Central Europe.
  • 16
    Poland: In Cracow, three days’ violent demonstrations start; protesters demand free elections and the withdrawal of the Soviet Army from Poland.
  • 19
    Bulgaria: Pacification of the Turkish minority protest results in 7 fatalities.
  • 23
    Poland: The refusal to register the Independent Students’ Union (Niezależne Zrzeszenie Studentów) triggers a series of demonstrations and strikes at universities.